What are telomeres?
Telomeres are parts of our chromosomes that affect how cells age. Like the plastic tips at the end of shoelaces, telomeres are caps at the end of each strand of DNA that protect it and allow cells to function and reproduce properly. Telomeres shorten each time a cell divides which, over time, leaves genetic DNA unprotected and causes cellular function to be compromised and ultimately leads to cell apoptosis (death) or senescence.
Every organ in the body (skin, liver, heart, etc.) is made up of cells, so telomeres are vital to good health. Slowing or stopping the shortening of telomeres can slow or stop cellular ageing.